Reducing acne scars is possible through proper treatment of the skin and attacking acne as soon as it forms. When acne is allowed to develop into more severe forms, the chance for scarring greatly increases. Cystic acne, the most common cause of acne scars, can be a serious problem for individuals on its own. Once the cysts heal however, ugly and painful scars can be left in their wake.
Acne scarring can be mostly prevented by preventing acne from worsening in the first place. By stopping the cycle of acne, new breakouts and severity can be greatly limited; allowing the individual more control in reducing the appearance of acne scars.
Regular skin cleansing, exfoliating, and moisturizing are hugely important in reducing acne scar development because these three routines prevent new acne from forming. Cleansing the skin removes excess oil that can block the pores.
Exfoliating removes excess dead skin cells that can fall into the pores and trap the oil inside. Moisturizing replaces oils removed during cleansing with non-clogging moisture that protects the integrity of the skin and prevents damage that can also lead to more acne.
Even with regular skin care, it is inevitable for most people that acne will develop from time to time. The trick to reducing acne scars when it happens is to make sure the acne is treated right away.
You may use a spot treatment like benzyl peroxide or salicylic acid gel or a face cleanser containing one of these products. (There are also many home remedies that can help with acne spot treatments.)
When acne develops and is allowed to completely run its course, an infection deep within the pore can cause tissue damage. Since the body needs to repair itself, letting these blemished become infect leads to an open wound and scarring.
Therefore, it is important when trying to reduce new acne scars that blemishes are treated immediately. If an infection does form, it may be time to visit a dermatologist who can prescribe antibiotic or antiseptic treatments for the problem areas.
How Acne Scars Form
When acne develops in severity and infection is embedded deep within a pore, the tissues and structures inside the pore become damaged. This is due to the infection (and whatever is clogging the pore) putting extreme pressure on the walls of the pore. In some cases of severe cystic acne, this damage is so bad that infection is able to leak from one pore to another because the walls between the pores are compromised.
Once the infection heals, the body’s natural response is to begin the healing process. This means that the body will send collagen proteins (the same stuff that makes up our skin) to the area with the damage. This is a good thing for the health of our skin, but not so great for its appearance.
When scar tissue forms deep within the pore, it pulls down on scar tissue that forms in the upper part of the pore. The result is a pitted scar that is obvious to the individual and sometimes to the outside world.